English for Computing (Teaching & Learning)
(Knowledge and Structure: Article, Comparison and Imperative, Present Simple)
Note: These materials are suitable with SAP (Satuan Acara Perkuliahan)

Meeting one
1. A. The Computer for Everyday life; describing the use and function of computers for examples in supermarket, banks, hospitals, libraries, bookshops, factories, etc. And then to describe the use and function of computers in other places; B. Vocabulary; the definition / meaning of computers e.g. the computer is used for/to; C. Article; a/an such as a book, an orange, a university, an hour appears depend on the letters of words which follow one of those articles namely consonant or vocal sounds e.g /,ju:/ in university. The is used because the speaker has known that object exactly whereas for a/an the speaker hasn’t. Then the examples for countable nouns are chair, bag, desk, computer, device, etc. Whereas for uncountable nouns are water, oil, knowledge, etc. There are also words which can be countable or uncountable depend on context like hair in his hair is long and I found one hair on the floor.
Meeting two

2. A. Types of computers; Able to tell about the size, function and the place which the computers used for; B. Comparison; able to compare those types of computer using adjective such as good, heavy, easy, powerful, etc and adverbs such as quickly, exactly, beautifully, well which –ly indicates that this form is regular and for irregular adverbs are fast not fastly and hard not hardly. For irregular adjective is like good becomes better and best, and bad becomes worse and worst. Then adjective and adverb are combined with other words suitable with the formula for each degree of positive, comparative and superlative. The formulas for positive degree are be (is, are, am) plus as adj as and verb plus as adv as in Microcomputer is not as big as Mainframe and Minicomputer can’t process very large amounts of data as quickly as Mainframe. The next formulas are be plus short adjective –er or more- long adjective than in desktop computer is bigger than laptop and desktop computer is more powerful than subnotebook. We also can use less in laptop is less powerful than PC. Finally the superlative formulas are be plus the short adj –est noun and be plus the most long adj noun in mainframe is the biggest computer and mainframe is the most powerful computer; Exercise: Make comparison using adjectives and adverbs to compare those types of computers
Meeting three

3. A. Parts of computers; To know the parts of computers and know about their functions (suggestion; to add other sources taken from internet); B. Imperative (instruction); a. second person (subject deleted, subj: you), using verb one like delete, open, replace, connect, turn on/off, print, save, copy, etc but not use verb to infinitive such as to open, to connect, to print, etc and not also use verb –ing e.g opening, saving, and turning off. The verbs one must be different with verb two (past tense) and verb three (past participle), Find out and inform the second person imperative short words found on computer and then make them longer e.g. open, open the Microsoft word office, you open Microsoft word office. Open refers to second person singular or plural, so it is not he or she opens the Microsoft word office. Note also before or after imperative forms especially in daily communication using please to make the imperative more polite please turn off all the computer or turn off the computer please. People use this polite form indicates that they can be in different ages, positions and do not know each other, b. first person (subject deleted, subj: we), using let us verb one e.g let us browse the internet from we should browse the internet. A and b have sameness for deleting the subjects. Other deletions are phrases for a after the verb one on computer programs only use short forms of imperative for second person. This use is because of economy factor like computer types which become smaller and smaller. However, although subject and phrases after imperative are deleted, the meanings of imperative are still understood, c. using negative not: don’t verb one, let us not verb one, d. using sequence markers for correct order first, next, after that, finally, etc: for example typing and saving letters, first turn on the computer, next click start and click Microsoft words office, after that type your letter, then after typing your letter, click file and click save as for your document, finally click save, then exercise: make imperative by using sequence markers related with the works on computers
Meeting four

4. A. Keyboard and Mouse; able to describe the functions of the keys on a keyboard and the function and the work of a mouse; B. Tense; present simple used to describe those functions of the keys on a keyboard and the functions and how the work of a mouse. In order to be able to use this tense, we must know the formula of this tense S + V1 + O and compared with other formulas of other tenses and their usage. For this tense, we use for describing the functions and the work of the keys on a keyboard and a device such as mouse which are habitual or are always true. The examples given as The key ‘del’ deletes the character, The caps lock doesn’t give the small character, and using the mouse, we can control the computer. Exercise: Make sentences by using the present simple to describe the functions of the keys on a keyboard and the mouse.

Other topics:
Keyboard and mouse Networks Word processing
Input, output and storage device Communication Graphics and multimedia
Graphical User Interface Programming Database and spreadsheet
Email and newsgroups Languages Low-level systems
The World Wide Web Future trends Issue in computing
Careers in computing Interview: website designer, programmer, IT Manager

Other structures
Present simple gerunds Present continuous
Wh- and how questions Auxiliary verbs Adverbs of frequency
Passive voice (present) Present prefect Time relationships
Linking words By plus the gerund/ to infinitive

Source: Basic English for Computing by EricH. Glandding and JohnMcEwan, Oxford University Press,2000
Depok, 20 October 2010